Status of the Corona Virus Pandemic – Corona virus infection or Covid-19 thus, the status of a pandemic does not change the global pressure in its handling.
“Covid-19 can be characterized as a pandemic. That [pandemic status] does not change anything that must be done by every country,” said Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
Ghebreyesus worried about the severity of the Covid-19 outbreak and the lack of action taken to combat the virus. He predicts, the number of cases and deaths will still increase in the next few days and weeks.
Last week, for example, the number of new cases outside China was nine times higher than the number of new cases in China in the same period. That is, the virus has found its foothold on any continent, except Antarctica.
In some countries, the number of cases even continues to increase.
Until now there are no specific criteria that determine the status of a pandemic. Pandemic is also not determined by the number of cases or deaths that result.
However, there are at least three general criteria for a disease said to be a pandemic. First, viruses can cause illness or death. Second, person-to-person transmission of the virus continues uncontrolled. Third, the virus has spread to almost the entire world. Noted there are some of the most deadly pandemic diseases in history such as smallpox, measles, typhus, Spanish flu, black death, HIV / AIDS.
Status of the Corona Virus Pandemic
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of the United States notes, a pandemic is an epidemic that spreads to several countries or continents and affects large numbers of people.
The term pandemic itself is known in the world of epidemiology or the study of the pattern of disease spread. Daftar 66Ceme In epidemiological dictionaries, outbreaks make up the smallest part of disease transmission.
Rising from outbreaks, epidemics indicate a wider range of disease spread along with rapid transmission. Epidemics can turn into endemics that generally strike a country, region, or continent.
“The epidemic occurred in a limited environment or country only. Pandemics [occurred in] the whole world or several continents,” said the head of the Eijkman Molecular Biology Institute, Professor Amin Soebandrio at remusbrailoiu.com, some time ago.
For example, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) discovered in 2003 was not declared by WHO as a pandemic even though it affected many countries. At that time, the spread was controlled quickly. Only a handful of countries significantly affected include China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore and Canada.
However, it should be noted, the status of a pandemic is not just a semantic statement, but also talks about specific actions that need to be taken. Harvard Institute epidemiologist Marc Lipstich said pandemic status meant not only focusing on detention, but also focusing on mitigating the spread of the corona virus. “There must be a shift in strategy by the health authorities,” he said.
With the pandemic status granted, WHO calls on each affected country to focus more on detecting, testing, treating, isolating, tracking and mobilizing the community.
Pandemics themselves will generally trigger global panic. The swine flu pandemic in 2009, for example, caused much unnecessary panic. The government even spends too much on antiviral drugs.
Nathalie MacDermott of the National Institute for Health Research said the change in terms did not change anything in practice. The reason is, the world has been advised for the past few weeks to prepare for the corona virus outbreak.
“However, the use of this term highlights the importance of countries around the world working cooperatively and openly with each other to control this situation,” MacDermott said, quoting The Guardian.
In addition, the health authorities of each country are also asked to be prepared to implement a new policy that does not only focus on travel restrictions.
Professor Nigel McMillan of the Menzies Institute said, health authorities must start preparing for the availability of hospitals, antivirals, and other supporting matters.
“The government also needs to think about other things such as staying home if sick, considering social distancing, and avoiding crowds,” McMillan said.
To date, more than 118 thousand cases of corona virus infection have been confirmed. As many as 4 thousand lives have been lost due to the virus that originated in Wuhan, China.
A largest case study in China found that about 80 percent of Covid-19 positive patients experienced symptoms of bad or mild cough. As many as 14 percent experienced more severe conditions. While 5 percent experienced a critical condition due to Covid-19.
Elderly people and those who have comorbidities such as heart disease, diabetes, lungs, and hypertension become a vulnerable group to the severe and critical threat of corona virus infection.