Time Bomb in Solid Settlements – The low number of positive cases of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) in Jakarta’s dense settlements should not make the government and local residents careless. Once spread, the corona virus never discriminates or chooses victims based on their socio-economic class. Anyone can be hit by a deadly virus attack.
Based on the mapping of the distribution of Covid-19 in the Capital City, in Sunter Agung Village, Tanjung Priok District, North Jakarta, for example, 58 positive cases of Covid-19 were recorded. In 2019, the population density in this kelurahan is 12.5 thousand people per square kilometer. Compare with Kali Anyar Village, Tambora District, West Jakarta. In this area with a population density of 95.6 thousand people per square kilometer, only 2 positive cases of Covid-19 have been recorded.
Based on this contrasting data, of course it cannot be concluded that residents in dense areas are immune to corona attacks. A more plausible explanation is that many people in the slums and dense areas may have been infected by Covid-19, but their chance to get health check is not as flexible as the population in upper middle class settlements.
Time Bomb in Solid Settlements
The government should consider this case gap as an alarm about the low intensity of mass surveillance and testing in the capital’s slums and crowded areas. Because, so far, the priority of Covid-19’s rapid test location in the Capital City is not based on population density. Mass testing is based on tracing of Covid-19 patient contacts who, perhaps, mostly live in less densely populated areas. Poker Online Bandung
Once an outbreak occurs in a dense settlement, controlling it will be very difficult. Campaigns to maintain physical distance between citizens in congested areas will not be easy to walk. Poor air circulation and sanitation can accelerate the spread of the virus. Slums and dense settlements also do not have adequate facilities for independent quarantine for residents who are asymptomatic but suspected of corona.
The experience of a number of countries should be a valuable lesson for our government. In the middle of this month, Singapore recorded the highest surge in the number of new cases of Covid-19. In just one day, Negeri Singa recorded 942 new sufferers of Covid-19. Most of them are migrant workers who live together in the dormitory. The Singaporean government then tightened the implementation of circuit breakers or spatial quarantine. There are penalties for violators with varying values, ranging from Sin $ 300-1,000, or equivalent to Rp 3.5-11 million. But the exorbitant fines have not yet proven its efficacy.
In India, slums and dense settlements in big cities, such as Mumbai, are also a red zone in the spread of the Covid-19 outbreak. In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the corona outbreak began to spread to poor populous areas. When the plague hit the densely populated area, the local government had no choice but to lock up the area in various zones.
The Indonesian government must not hope in luck that the corona outbreak will not stop at dense settlements in Jakarta and other big cities. Before it is really too late, the government must prioritize supervision and testing of residents in the region. If not, the Covid-19 case in densely populated settlements could become a bomb with increasingly explosive power.